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英语丨新冠疫情考点高频词+语法填空+阅读+写作 coughs

  新型冠状病毒席卷而来,作为全国公共卫生热点事件,很可能被纳入2020高考的命题范围。

  今天搜集整理了新型冠状病毒相关的英语考点,含高频词、考点预测、语法填空、阅读与书面表达,供大家参考。

  * 特别提醒:文末附Word打印版获取方式,有条件的同学可以下载打印~

  01

  30个疫情相关高频词

  新型冠状病毒:novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) /k?,r?un?'vai?r?s/

  肺炎:pneumonia /nju??m??ni?/

  新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎:pneumonia caused by the novel coronavirus / novel coronavirus-caused pneumonia

  确诊病例:confirmed case

  疑似病例:suspected case

  重症患者:patient in critical condition

  病死率:fatality rate

  密切接触者:close contact

  接受医学观察:be under medical observation

  隔离:quarantine  /?kw?r?nti?n/

  潜伏期:incubation  /???kju?be??n/ period

  人传人:human-to-human transmission

  飞沫传播:droplet  /?dr?pl?t/ transmission

  发热、咳嗽、呼吸困难:fever, cough and difficulty in breathing


  急性呼吸道感染病状:acute /??kju?t / respiratory / r??sp?r?tri / infection symptom

  输入性病例:imported case  *输入性病例:指来自疫情流行区的病例,也称一代病例

  二代病例:secondary infection case * 二代病例:指被一代病例感染的本土病人

  隐性感染:asymptomatic /?e?s?mpt??m?t?k/ infection  *隐性感染:指感染了病毒,但无明显症状的病例

  疫情防控:epidemic  /?ep??dem?k/  prevention and control

  口罩:(face) mask

  防护服:protective clothing /suits

  护目镜:goggles

  一次性手套:disposable gloves

  医疗物资:medical supplies

  疫苗:vaccine

  国际关注的突发公共卫生事件:Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)

  封城:the lockdown of a city / a city is  on lockdown

  应急医院:makeshift hospital

  重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应:first-level public health emergency response

  国家卫生健康委员会:National Health Commission (NHC)

  02

  考点预测+解析

  1、冠状病毒的传播途径

  ①the air by coughing and sneezing

  经由空气传播,比如咳嗽、打喷嚏

  ②close personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands

  通过人与人之间的近距离接触传播,比如触摸或者握手

  ③touching an object or surface with the virus>通过触摸物品或感染病毒的用品表面传播,原因在于没洗手就触摸嘴、鼻和眼睛

  ④rarely,fecal contamination

  还有一种比较少见的,就是通过粪便传染

  2、如何预防“冠状病毒”

  ① Clean hands with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub.

  用肥皂或者用含酒精的洗手液洗手。

  ②Cover nose and mouth when coughing and sneezing with tissue or flexed elbow.

  咳嗽或打喷嚏时,用面巾纸或屈肘捂住口鼻。

  ③Avoid close contact with anyone with cold or flu-like symptoms.

  避免跟有感冒或流感症状的人密切接触。

  ④ Thoroughly cook meat and eggs.

  将肉类和鸡蛋彻底煮熟。

  ⑤Avoid unprotected contact with live wild or farm animals.

  避免在未加防护的情况下接触野生动物或家畜。


  除了学好疫情相关词汇,如何运用在语法填空和阅读中才是关键!

  03

  新冠疫情-语法填空

  【以此题沉痛哀悼和纪念一位伟大的医生!】

  We are deeply saddened by the passing of Dr. Li Wenliang.

  Dr. Li Wenliang, one of the eight “whistleblowers” who tried _____1_____ (warn) fellow medics of _____2_____ novel coronavirus when it first emerged in Wuhan, died early on Friday. Wuhan Central Hospital _____3_____ (confirm) in a statement released on _____4_____ (it) official Weibo account. “Our hospital’s ophthalmologist Li Wenliang was _____5_____ (unfortunate) infected with coronavirus during his work in the fight _____6_____ the coronavirus epidemic,” the statement read, _____7_____ (add) “He died at 2:58 a.m. on February 7 after attempts to resuscitate were unsuccessful.”

  “After emergency treatment, Li Wenliang passed away,” the Central Hospital of Wuhan announced on Weibo, China’s version of Twitter. “We deeply regret and mourn Li’s _____8_____ (die).”

  Dr. Li is a hero, _____9_____ will live in our hearts forever. May God bless all the courageous doctors and _____10_____ (nurse) fighting on the front line.

  【参考答案】

  1.to warn 2.the  3.confirmed  4.its

  5.unfortunately 6.against  7.adding

  8.death  9.who  10.nurses

  03

  新冠疫情-阅读七选五

  How to keep yourself safe from new virus?

  After a new-type coronavirus was detected in viral pneumonia cases in Central China's Wuhan city a month ago, more cases have been reported in recent days. _____1_____:

  1.Wear masks outdoors

  ●Wearing a mask is one of the most effective ways to protect you from getting infected.

  ●Make sure to wear it properly by tightening up the nose clip and pulling the bottom of it over your chin.

  ●_____2_____, a mask is also needed to prevent you from spreading germs to others.

  2.Cover your coughs and sneeze with tissue

  Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, or you can cough or sneeze into your sleeve, but avoid covering with your hands directly.

  3._____3_____ Wash your hands with soap and running water thoroughly for at least 15 seconds.

  ● Before eating and after using the toilet

  ● After returning home

  ● After touching trash or garbage

  ● After contacting with animals or handling animal wastes

  4.Strengthen your immune system and exercise regularly

  ● Exercise regularly is one of the most important ways to help you stay away from catching any infections.

  ● Make sure that shared spaces have good air flow and avoid going to crowded places such as hospitals, railway stations and airports. _____4_____.

  ● Seek prompt medical attention if you have symptoms of fever and respiratory infection.

  ● Avoid close contact with people

  who have flu or cold-like symptoms.

  ●_____5_____. Avoid contact with wild animals or farmed livestock without any protection.

  A. If your hands are not visibly dirty

  B. Eat thoroughly cooked meat and eggs

  C. Wash your hands frequently and properly

  D. Protect yourself and others from getting sick

  E. Wear a mask if transport or movement is necessary

  F. If you’re not feeling well or have symptoms of fever

  G. To prevent catching the infection, here’s what you can do

  【参考答案】:GFCEB

  当掌握了单词、语法、阅读,参考英语范文进行英语写作就会获得崭新的写作思路~

  04

  疫情相关的书面表达

  假定你是李华,你的美国朋友Amy来信询问有关武汉新型冠状病毒(novel coronavirus)的情况。

  请你给Amy回信,内容包括:1. 新型冠状病毒简况; 2. 应对措施;3. 是否有信心战胜病毒。

  注意:词数100左右;可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

  【参考范文】


  Dear Amy,

  It is so considerate of you to receive your letter inquiring about novel cononavirus in wuhan. I am writing to tell you about this.

  Since the outbreak of an infectious disease in wuhan in December 2019, the Chinese government has decisively closed down the city to prevent the spread of the disease. At the same time, although cases have been found throughout the country, the Chinese people actively face it, together with wuhan to fight the epidemic.

  At this particular time, we should go out as little as possible, isolated. If we go out, we must wear protective masks to prevent ourselves from getting infected. In addition, we should keep good healthy habits and keep our body clean.

  As many Chinese say, “come on, Wuhan”, we believe we can certainly overcome the epidemic!

  Yours,Li Hua

  亲爱的艾米,

  我很高兴收到你的来信,询问有关武汉新型冠状病毒的事情。在此我写信想告诉你这些。

  自2019年12月起武汉爆发传染性疫情以来,为了防止疫情恶行传播,中国政府已经果断封锁武汉。与此同时,虽然全国各地也陆续发现病例,但中国人民积极面对,与武汉共同抗疫。

  在这特殊时刻,我们尽量少外出,自我隔离。如果外出,我们务必要戴好防护口罩,防止自己被感染。另外,我们应该保持良好的健康习惯,勤清洁。

  正如很多中国人说的“武汉加油”,我们相信我们一定能战胜疫情!

  你的李华

  当前返校时间还未确定,对于备考阶段的学子来说,与其在家感到焦虑、烦躁不如静下心来学习。

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