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2020年中考英语知识点之主动语态变被动语态口诀 主动语态和被动语态

  中考网整理了关于2020年中考英语知识点之主动语态变被动语态口诀 ,希望对同学们有所帮助,仅供参考。

  1主动语态:

  My teacher cleans the blackboard every day.

  定 主 谓 宾 状

  变被动:

  The blackboard is cleaned by my teacher every day.

  主  语 be 过分

  2假如我的老师是女教师:

  主动语态:

  She cleans the blackboard every day.

  变被动:

  The blackboard is cleaned by her every day.

  3被动语态由be+过去分词构成。有八种时态:

  (1)一般现在时:am/is/are+过去分词

  (2)一般过去时:was/were+过去分词

  (3)一般将来时:will/shall be+过去分词

  (4)过去将来时:would be+过去分词

  (5)现在完成时:has/have been+过去分词

  (6)过去完成时:had been+过去分词

  (7)现在进行时:am/is/are being+过去分词

  (8)过去进行时:was/were being+过去分词

  4主动语态:

  His parents always praise him.

  变被动:

  He is always praised by his parents.

  5主动语态:

  You must do your homework carefully .

  变被动:

  Your homework must be done carefully by you.

  6含双宾语的主动语态:

  We gave him a warm welcome.

  变被动:间宾作主语:

  He was given a warm welcome.

  变被动:直宾作主语:

  A warm welcome was given to him.

  含双宾语的主动语态:

  My mother made me a new dress.

  间宾作主语:

  I was made a new dress.

  直宾作主语:

  A new dress was made for me.

  7主动表示被动:

  The cloth sells well.

  8保留定语和状语

  The blackbord is cleaned by my teacher every day .

  9宾补变主补: 定     状  语

  主动语态:

  We paint the room red to create a feeling of warmth.

  变被动:

  The room is painted red to create a feeling of warmth by us .

  主补

  10主动语态:

  The boss made the workers work 14 hours a day .

  变被动:

  The workers were made to work 14 hours a day .

  主 补

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