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中考英语知识点:情态动词will的用法归纳 will的用法

中考英语知识点:情态动词will的用法归纳   

  1. will"惯于,老是,总是"表示主语的习惯性,倾向性,经常性,必然性,不可避免性。(will 用于一般的习惯,would 用于描述过去的习惯或例行的活动)如:

  People will talk.人总会说闲话。

  Boys will be boys.男孩终究是男孩。(倾向性)

  Water will boil at 100℃. 水在100℃时沸腾。

  Jealousy will spoil friendship.嫉妒会破坏友谊。

  Accidents will happen.(不可避免性)

  I've lost my keys _____that would happen!我把钥匙丢了—这种情况老是发生!

  Sometimes he will wander in the hills all afternoon

  有时他会整个下午在山里漫游(现在习惯)

  Every morning he will have a walk along this river.

  If today is Monday, tomorrow will be Tuesday.(必然性)

  The young man will sit there for hours doing nothing. 那个年轻人常几个小时坐在那儿无所事事。(现在习惯)

  The young man would sit there for hours doing nothing. 那个年轻人常几个小时坐在那儿无所事事。(过去习惯)

  He will often read deep into the night.他会读书到深夜。(现在习惯)

  He would often read deep into the night.他会读书到深夜。(过去习惯)

  ﹡She __________ listen to records, alone in her room for hours. We just won't interrupt her, for we know this is her usual way to stay in peace.

  A. might        B. must        C. will          D. should

  【解析】 答案为C。will作为情态动词有一个很重要的用法,就是表示习惯性动作,此句翻译成:她常常独自一人在房间里听唱片,一听就好几个小时。注意:will在这里不是表示"将来"。

  ﹡Only in summer ___________.

  A. will the ice melt   B. the ice will melt  C. the ice can melt  D. the ice melts

  【解析】 答案为A。当表示某些根据自然规律必定会发生的事情时,常常使用这种表达,如If the pure water is heated to 100℃, it will boil. 如果纯净的水加热至100℃,它就会沸腾。will的这种用法经常会出现在科技英语中。上题由于将"only in summer"置于句首,所以要使用倒装结构。

  2. will"愿、要,会"表示意志、意愿,决心,诺言等。例如:

  I have made up my mind to go and I will. (意志)

  We will fight on until final victory is won.

  I will do my best to help you. (意愿)

  I won't do it any more ,I promise. (诺言)

  She will not shove( [  v] 1. 推;撞 2. 乱塞,乱放 3. 强使)the heavy load on to others.

  ﹡will 表示现在的意愿,would表示过去的意愿。如:

  I will pay you at the rate you ask. 我愿意照你要求的价钱付款。

  Go where you will. 你愿到哪里就到哪里。

  He wouldn't help me yesterday. 他昨天不愿帮助我。

  She asked if I would go with them. 她问我是否愿同他们一起去。

  ﹡would也可表示现在的意愿,语气较委婉。如:

  I'd go there with you. 我愿同你去那儿。

  I wouldn't go. 我不会去。


  ﹡—These books are too heavy for me to carry.

  —–__________.

  A. You may ask for help.      B. I will give you a hand

  C. I will do you a favor       D  I'd come to help

  【解析】答案为B。will表示意愿,有"愿、要"之意。give sb. a hand 意思是"帮某人的忙"。"I will give you a hand."翻译为:我愿意帮忙。

  ﹡—Don't forget to come to my birthday party tomorrow.

  — ________.

  A. I don't    B. I won't     C. I can't       D. I haven't

  【解析】 答案B。will表示决心,此回答是省略句,补充完整是"I won't forget to go to your birthday party tomorrow."。"I won't."翻译为:我决不会忘记的。

  3. 表示说话人向对方提出请求或询问对方的意思,有"你…..好吗、你愿….."。(这时will与 would 通用,而would更委婉,也可以用won't)

  Will you join in our discussion

  Would you please tell me your telephone number

  Won't you sit down

  Close the window, would you 请关上窗,好吗

  ﹡We forgot to bring our tickets, but please let us enter,_________  (06全国卷2)

  A. do you    B. can you     C. will you     D. shall we

  【解析】 答案为C。题中but后面的句子 "please let us enter, will you "是以let us开头的祈使句,它加上will you构成反意疑问句,这里will you表示提出请求。will在疑问句中用于第二人称时,表示说话人向对方提出请求或询问,有"你……好吗"之意。此句翻译为:我们忘了带票,请你让我们进去,好吗

  4. will表示说话人的猜测,意为"大概"。如:

  That will be the book you want. 那大概是你所要的书。

  Ask him. He will know. 问他吧,他大概知道。

  ﹡will用于谈论现在; would可用于谈论过去,也可用于谈论现在(语气较委婉)。如:

  This car will hold six people. 这辆小汽车可以坐六个人。

  Ask him. He will know. 问问他吧,他大概知道。

  You wouldn't know. 你不会知道。

  Every family would have some sort of trouble. 家家都会有本难念的经。

  The person you mentioned would be her father, is that right  你提的那个人想必是她的父亲,对吗

  【注】有时可后接完成式,表示对过去可能已经发生的情况进行推测。如:

  You will have heard of it. 你已经听到那事了吧

  I thought you would have finished it by now. 我想你现在可能已经做完了吧。

  ﹡That, I think, _________ be all that I want to say.

  A. can          B. could     C. will         D. ought to

  【解析】 答案为C。will 也可以表示推测,通常可译为"想必"、"也许"、"大概"、"可能",其确信程度仅次于must。该句翻译为:我想大概那就是我想要说的一切。

  5.表命令或指示

  No one will leave the examination room before 12 o'clock.

  任何人在12点之前都不许离开考场。

  All boys will attend roll-call at 9 o'clock. 所有的男孩必须在9点钟参加点名。(We'd better have a roll call now.我们最好现在点名。)

  ﹡will 还可表示许诺、指示、叮嘱等,而would还可用于评论某一特定的行为等。如:

  You will have your share. 你会得到你那一份的。

  You will do as I told you. 你得照我说的去做。

  That's just what he would say. 他就是爱那样讲话。

  You would never do anything to hurt me. 你绝不会做伤害我的事的


  6. 表执意

  He will comb his hair at the table, even though he knows I don't like it.

  他偏偏要在饭桌那儿梳头,还明明知道我腻味这事儿。

  Jack will do these things!杰克总是爱干这样的事!

  ﹡疑难解析

  1. will not 或won't 表示不愿意或拒绝 ,我们知道,对于有生命体来说,will可表示意愿: She won't open the door. 她拒不开门。

  但是,对于无生命体,有时也使用will表示意愿。语言学家们说will用于无生命体,如同refuse一样,是通过拟人化的手段来实现的。例如:

  The car won't start.(= The car refuses to start.)汽车发动不起来。

  请看下面一道高考题:

  2. 在if 从句中有时为了表示意愿也可用will ,有"愿意"的意思。例如:

  If you will read this article ,you will realize you are wrong.

  If you will help me, we can finish early.如果你愿意帮我,我们可以早点儿干完。

  If he will pay, I'll go with him.如果他愿意付钱,我就和他一起去。

  上述两个从句虽然可以使用一般现在时,但是使用一般现在时就会把意愿的意味取消掉。

  3. 句型:祈使句 + and / or sb. will do sth.

  在这种句型里,祈使句表达条件,and / or分句表达结果。这种句型实际上相当于"If条件从句加上一个主句"。请看以下例句:

  Help others whenever you can and you will make the world a nicer place to live in. 随时帮助别人,你就会使世界变得更加美好。

  Start out right away, or you'll miss the first train.

  立刻出发,否则你会错过第一班火车。

  Lose one hour in the morning and you will be looking for it the rest of the day. 早晨损失一小时,你就要用一天的时间来弥补。(一日之计在于晨)

  Follow your doctor's advice, or your cough will get worse.

  请遵医嘱,否则你的咳嗽会加重的。

  Stand over there and you'll be able to see it better.

  站在那里,你会看得更清楚一些。

  Go straight on and you'll see a church. You won't miss it.

  一直往前走,你就会看到一座教堂。你不会错过它的。

  【典型考题】

  – How can I apply for an online course

  – Just fill out this form and you _______ what we can do for you.

  A. see     B. are seeing     C. have seen     D. will see           (D)

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