He goes to school early every morning.
The children are playing outside.
To work hard is necessary for a student.
Both he and I are right.
Mr Black and Mrs Black have a son called Tom.
His teacher and friend is a beautiful girl.
The poet and writer has come.
In our country every boy and every girl has the right to receive education.
Each man and each woman is asked to help.
(4)主语是单数时，尽管后面跟有 but ,except, besides, with 等介词短语，谓语动词仍用单数。例如：
The teacher with his students is going to visit the museum.
Nobody but two boys was late for class.
Bread and butter is a daily food in the west.
(5) 一些只有复数形式的名词，如people, police, cattle, clothes等作主语时，谓语动词要用复数。例如：
A lot of people are dancing outside.
The police are looking for lost boy.
(6)由each, some, any, no, every 构成的复合代词作主语时，谓语动词都用单数。例如：
Is everybody ready?
Somebody is using the phone.
(7)有两部分构成的物体的名词，如glasses, shoes, trousers, chopsticks, scissors 等作主语时，谓语动词用复数。例如：
Where are my shoes? I cant find them.
Your trousers are dirty. Youd better change them.
如果这类名词前用了a pair of等，则往往用作单数，谓语动词的单复数形式往往取决于pair的单复数形式。例如：
Here are some new pairs of shoes.
My new pair of socks is on the bed.
Twenty years is not a long time.
Ten dollars is too dear.
My family is big one.
My family are watching TV.
(3)不定代词由all, most, more, some, any, none作主语时，也要依这些代词表示的意义来决定谓语动词的单复数形式。如果代词代表复数可数名词，谓语动词用复数;如果代词代表单数可数名词或不可数名词，谓语动词用单数。例如：
All of the work has been finished.
All of the people have gone.
Who is your brother?
Who are League members?
It is said that 35 per cent of the doctors are women.
Three fourths of the surface of the earth is sea.
(6)half, the rest等表示不定数量的名词作主语时，如果所指为复数意义，动词用复数;如果所指为单数意义，动词用单数。例如：
I have read a large part of the book, the rest is more difficult.
Only ten students attended the class because all the rest were off sick.
What she said is correct.
What she left me are a few old books.
The sick have been cured and the lost have been found.
The dead is a famous person.
(1)由连词or, eitheror, neithernor, not onlybut also,等连接的并列主语，如果一个是单数，一个是复数，则谓语动词按就近一致原则，与最靠近它的主语一致。例如：
Either you or I am right.
Neither the children nor the teacher knows anything about it.
(2)在There be 句型中,谓语动词和靠近的主语一致。
There are two apples and one egg in it.
(3)as well as 和名词连用时,谓语动词和第一个名词相一致。
He as well as I is responsible for it.
Here is a letter and some books for you.
1. How time flies! Ten years ________ passed.
A. have B. has C. is D. are
2. Not only his parents but also his brother ________ to the Summer Palace. They havent been back.
A. have been B. have gone C. has been D. has gone
答案：D。该题考查的是主谓一致。如果由not onlybut also连接两个并列主语，其谓语动词同相邻的主语保持一致，谓语动词应用单数形式。又因为他们还都没有回来，所以用has gone而不用has been。
3. Neither my father ________ going to see the patient.
A. nor I am B. nor I are
C. or me are D. or me is
4. Look! There _______ playing with the tourists on Yinhe Square.
A. are a number of deer B. are a number of deers
C. is a number of deer D. is a number of deers
答案：A。该题考查的是主谓一致。这个句子的主语是a number of deer, 是个复数概念，因此谓语动词应用复数形式。(deer单复数相同)