avoid是及物动词,后面可跟名词、动名词,不可接不定式,必须是avoid doing sth.而不是avoid to do sth.可用于被动结构。avoid所表达的意图总是达成的,否则就须用try。

avoid的用法

1.从意思上看,可表示“避开”或“躲避”(keep oneself from)某人或某物;也可表示“防止”(prevent)某事的发生。如:

I think she is avoiding me.我想她是在躲着我。

Try to avoid accidents.尽量防止发生事故。

I avoided him as much as possible.我尽量避开他。

You should avoid such mistakes.你应当避免这样的错误。

Thus he avoided a heart attack.就这样他避免了一次心脏病复发。

The very wise avoid such a temptation.真正聪明的人都避开这种诱惑。

I realized he was trying to avoid the topic.我意识到他是在设法避开这个话题。(from www.nmet168.com)

2.从用法上看,其后可接名词或代词作宾语,也可接动名词作宾语,但是不能接不定式作宾语。如:

他避而不答我的问题。

正:He avoided answering my questions.

误:He avoided to answer my questions.

要想不受影响是不可能的。

正:It was impossible to avoid being affected.

误:It was impossible to avoid to be affected.